Spherical aberration

Spherical aberration is a defect of spherical mirrors and some lenses and eyepieces that causes parallel light rays striking the element at different distances from the optical axis to be brought to a focus at different points along the axis. This deviation reduces the quality of images produced by optical systems.

There is no place at which all the rays come to a single focus and give a sharp image. Spherical aberration may be reduced by narrowing the lens so that rays do not pass through the edges and by combining lenses to cancel out the defects in each kind of lens.